Political adn intellectual outlooks of the civilization of egypt and mesopotamia

The king led the military, administered trade, judged disputes and performed certain important religious ceremonies. Monumental Architecture When comparing what we know about these two early civilizations, it stands out that Egypt is especially known for its impressive architecture and monuments such as the pyramids.

The Epic of Gilgamesh is about one of the earliest passions of man, the search for eternal life. Where the two civilizations differed socially was their treatment of women. He was the single leader of Egypt. The king also had a bureaucracy, which consisted mostly of priests, who assisted him in governing.

It involved the worship of many gods and goddesses. Because of the lack of religious structures in the Indus Valley it is very hard to discover as much about their religion as has been discovered about the Sumerian religion.

However, Mesopotamian civilization spread gradually across much of what is today Iraq, while ancient Egypt remained tightly arranged around the banks of the Nile River, surrounded by harsh desert.

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City-state type of government was adopted by the rulers of Mesopotamia. One such temple is found in the ancient city of Ur where the moon god, Nanna, was said to have lived in a little house at the top of the ziggurat. From there they developed industries and began to trade. Although Mesopotamia was less accomplished than Egypt in architecture, its literary accomplishments far outshone those of its neighbor.

This is the main difference between Mesopotamia and Egypt. Ancient Egypt, on the other hand, was a single tightly organized state for much of its history. They believed that the sun, moon and stars were gods and everything that happened was controlled by one of the gods. In Egypt, upper-class women were greatly revered, and goddesses made up much of the religious pantheon.

Egypt also had some form of education.

Differences Between Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt

The Sumerians appear to have developed the wheel and possibly the sailboat and the Harappans developed ox-carts and small flat-bottomed boats all of which were used commercially. The Harappans and Sumerians are distinctly different politically. The main goal of Egyptians was to achieve life after death.

They saw each city-state as a divine copy of heaven on earth. In records found in Mesopotamia there is mentioned a civilization they traded with in the area of the Indus valley and many Indus seals, for which they are well known, have been found in Mesopotamia.

Literary Tradition Though both Mesopotamia and Egypt used writing as a way to keep records, their methods and objectives were different.

Difference Between Mesopotamia and Egypt

The reigning king was viewed as a god. China The economy of ancient China was based on agriculture. They also inlayed and enriched wood with scenes made of shells and semiprecious stones and did relief carvings in stone, but almost always these pieces of art were for their gods. The Code of Hammurabi was harsh and made many distinctions between the classes.

While Mesopotamian kings did claim to be direct messengers of the gods, Egypt's pharaohs claimed extra power and authority as actual embodiments of the gods themselves.

What were the political and intellectual outlooks of the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia?

Mesopotamia The economy Mesopotamia was a combination of agriculture, business and trade. Manufacturing and trade were carried out by merchants and artisans in walled towns. They also were involved in foreign and domestic trade.Political Adn Intellectual Outlooks Of The Civilization Of Egypt And Mesopotamia.

The civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China were all different but were also developed similar ways of doing things. The political, economic and intellectual outlooks of these ancient peoples say a lot about their ways of life. The religious views of Egypt and Mesopotamia were rather different.

II. The civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China were all different but were also developed similar ways of doing things. The political, economic and intellectual outlooks of these ancient peoples say a lot about their ways of life.

The religious views of Egypt and Mesopotamia were rather different.

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II. Egypt And Mesopotamia Compared The development of two great early civilizations in the Middle East and North Africa encourages a first effort at comparative analysis.

In records found in Mesopotamia there is mentioned a civilization they traded with in the area of the Indus valley and many Indus seals, for which they are well known, have been found in Mesopotamia. Differences Between Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt By Evan Centanni ; Updated June 25, Egypt and Mesopotamia were two of the world's earliest city-based civilizations, forming the foundation for Middle Eastern and Western history.

Political Adn Intellectual Outlooks Of The Civilization Of Egypt And Mesopotamia The civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China were all different but were also developed similar ways of doing things.

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Political adn intellectual outlooks of the civilization of egypt and mesopotamia
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